Created: January 2013
Reviewed & approved by Board: 26th April 2018
Reviewed: Christina Bek Larsen, October 2019
Next Review: October 2020
POLICY FOR EDUCATIONAL VISITS & LEARNING OUTSIDE THE CLASSROOM
This policy is written in accordance with the Health and Safety Executive School trips and outdoor learning activities: Tackling the health and safety myths;[i] It considers the suggestions made in the DfES Learning Outside the classroom Manifesto, 2006[ii], and the HEALTH & SAFETY DEPARTMENT FOR EDUCATION ADVICE ON LEGAL DUTIES AND POWERS FOR LOCAL AUTHORITIES, HEAD TEACHERS, STAFF AND GOVERNING BODIES Updated: 7 February 2012[iii] as well as resources form The Council for Learning outside the classroom[iv]. The recommendations from these sources are reflected in this policy.
Educational Visits and learning outside the classroom are an integral part of life at Dania School, furthering the education of the pupils. Educational visits and learning experiences outside the classroom are arranged for pupils at Dania School not only so pupils learning is benefited but also so that knowledge, understanding and skills can be developed through experience that is not achievable in the classroom.
‘When you step outside the classroom you have the opportunity to transform learning and raise achievement. Learning outside the classroom allows participants to learn in context, to learn by practical engagement, and to learn by personal discovery.’ DCFS, Council for Learning Outside the Classroom, Out and About Guidance 2006
Educational visits and learning experiences outside of the classroom are defined as the use of alternative places other than the classroom for teaching and learning. Learning opportunities outside of the classroom commonly use areas such as the school grounds, the East India dockside, the local environment, and places further afield.
Educational visits and learning outside of the classroom is a school wide activity and should be encouraged at every opportunity. The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) curriculum, which became statutory in September 2009, places a strong emphasis on the importance and value of out of the classroom learning experiences. It is important to note that whatever the age of the children, experiences should not to be taken in isolation. Children need to be well prepared, supported, resourced and informed for any learning experience to reap maximum benefit. All visits and learning outside of the classroom opportunities should be planned by a member of staff nominated as party leader, with the health, safety and welfare of the children of paramount importance.
Research has shown that educational visits and learning outside the classroom can raise achievement, increase motivation, and develop understanding in all children. Staff benefit from being given the opportunity to develop leadership skills; all staff must liaise with the Head concerning any arrangements for any visit. All educational visits and learning experiences out of the classroom should be approved by the Head. In accordance with national recommendations, all educational visits and learning outside of the classroom experiences should consider the outcomes defined in the Every Child Matters agenda, and reflect the ethos of the school.
Early planning is essential for any visit. Outdoor and adventurous activities should be within the ability of the children participating and the accompanying staff. However no amount of planning can guarantee that a visit will be totally incident free, but good planning and attention to health and safety measures can reduce the number of accidents and lessen the seriousness of those that do happen. The management of risk should be done in accordance with the Health and Safety policy at Dania School.
If a qualified member of staff wishes to take a group of pupils out of school, they assume responsibility for the planning, risk assessment and risk management of the educational visit or experience outside of the classroom. They accept all reasonable responsibility for the well-being and safety of all participants attending the learning experience at all times. If more than one class/school is involved in a visit, a party leader should be identified. This is normally the staff member with the most appropriate experience, competence or most relevant qualification, which is visit specific. For any Educational day visit or learning outside the classroom experience to go ahead, the ratios of staff to children must be correct and in accordance with best practice. If a child requires support for a behavioural or medical need, an extra adult should accompany them on the visit, at the parents’ expense. The party leader is responsible for informing the parents and accompanying staff of their responsibilities.
Voluntary Helpers are selected carefully and are well known to staff and the Head at Dania School. All voluntary helpers should let the school know as soon as possible if they are unable to accompany the children for any reason, so that an appropriate replacement can be found. Any documentation already given to them should be returned to school. Voluntary helpers are made aware of the extent of their responsibilities as detailed in the document, Areas of Responsibility for Voluntary Helpers (Appendix). Dania School does not permit staff and voluntary helpers to assume responsibility for any activity for which they are not qualified. All volunteers will be risk assessed and ask to read the School safeguarding policy. They will also be asked to sign a volunteer statement.
On any visit, at least one of the supervisory staff will be a competent First Aider, holding a valid first-aid certificate and carrying an appropriate first-aid kit. This person will also be responsible for the inhalers and Epipens for all children attending the visit. Dania School uses the British Red Cross for first aid training, qualifications and revalidation, normally every three years.
Any trip involving pupils in the EYFS must include a member of staff with a full paediatric first aid qualification.
Dania School has a policy that all coaches used are fitted with seat belts when booked. All seats should be forward facing and seat restraints should comply with legal requirements. The drivers should be suitably qualified and experienced. On rare occasions, children may travel in staff or parents’ cars. Children travelling thus should comply with the legal requirements. Booster seats are legally required for all children under the height of 140cm travelling in a car. Parents sign consent to the travel arrangements which have been arranged for their child. No signature or written notification results in the child not travelling to the learning experience outside the school. Except in emergencies, staff are not permitted to transport children unless written consent from the Head and parent of the child is obtained.
- At least two members of staff should supervise the pupils getting on and off the coach – one on the coach and one by the steps.
- Check numbers on outward and return journeys and at any point where children or adults disembark and subsequently embark onto the coach.
- Do not let pupils sit on the first two seats facing the front window or next to the emergency exit where ever practicable.
- Ensure pupils are settled and seat belts fastened before setting off.
- Pupils must wear their seat belts throughout the journey unless told to remove them in an emergency.
- When leaving the coach, check for lost property and litter.
- At least one member of staff should be on each coach or minibus and have a mobile phone with them.
Regular sessions are generally held with pupils to prepare them for the visit, so that they obtain maximum benefit from the educational visit or learning outside the classroom experience. Groups Lists are prepared for all staff and helpers on the visit. Lists should be collated prior to the visit and included with the risk assessment documentation handed to the Head in advance. Copies of all groups should be given to the school office before departing on an educational visit or learning experience outside of the classroom. The Party leader should maintain copies of the lists and carry them at all times when on the visit. Group leaders should keep a copy of their group at all times.
Adult: Pupil Ratios
Dania School sets guidelines with regard to adult: pupil ratios that are required on any educational visit or learning outside of the classroom experience. The normal maximum ratio of adults to children should be 1:6 for Reception and 1:8 for KS1 and 1:12 for KS2 but this should be confirmed as part of the risk assessment.
All accompanying adults have a duty of care. Colleagues should remember that they are in loco parentis at all times on the visit and thus are legally responsible for the well-being and safety of the children. Children should never be on their own or isolated from their group. When deciding groups, children should be considered individually according to need and placed with a suitable adult who can best enhance the learning experience. Groups and group leaders should be decided in advance and attached to the risk assessment.
Information Available at School
The Group Leader, Head and school hold the visit information for the duration of the visit. The information should contain details of:
- contact points
- mobile phone number(s)
- staff – Group leader, teachers, helpers, etc
- copies of Parental Consent Form
- copies of any insurance documents, critical incident policy, contacts, etc
- emergency procedures.
The standard procedures for reporting accidents are followed at all times. Injuries to any person (adult or child) attending a learning experience outside the classroom must be recorded in accordance with HSE guidelines and school protocol, as stated in the school first aid policy. Completion of the relevant forms detailing injury, location, time, date and treatment given is essential.
Despite good planning and organisation, emergencies that require immediate response by the leaders sometimes occur. The group leader ensures the safety of the group as a priority and contacts the appropriate emergency/rescue services. The Head at Dania School should be contacted as soon as practicable.
Unrelated School Educational Visits
The guidelines in this document relate only to activities connected to the work of the school. Where a member of staff takes charge of children voluntarily on an activity out of school hours i.e. one which is not organised by the school (and not approved by the Governors) but involves children from the school – no responsibility is accepted by the Head or the Governing Body at Dania School.
The educational experiences and opportunities of the educational centre should be obtained, and all information about the proposed visit collated, before a request is submitted to the Head. A meeting of all those involved is held to formalise the administration and organisation of the educational visit. Specific duties are allocated and a School Party Leader clearly identified.
Risk assessment is a process. The group leader initially draws up a visit plan and timetable (who, what, where, why, when and how?). For any educational visit learning outside the classroom experience, if possible, an exploratory/risk assessment visit should be made by the school party leader of the group. This is to acquire knowledge at first hand:
- the venue is suitable
- to evaluate site specific risks and to ascertain the category level of activity
- that the venue can cater for the needs of pupils and staff
- to assess potential areas and levels of risk, completing a Risk Assessment Form
- to become familiar with the area before visiting with the children
- to obtain information concerning required staff qualifications and licences
When off site venues offer inspection visits, staff are encouraged to take advantage of this service. If it is not possible to make an exploratory/risk assessment visit, every endeavour is made to acquire information about the centre before the visit. Dania School should, for instance, contact another school, which has already visited the centre, the area, and the site. If a preliminary visit has not taken place, as a matter of priority when the party arrives, the party leader conducts a visual risk assessment noting down any anomalies and controlling the risks where necessary in order to maintain the safety of all. The party Leader then resolves concerns and informs the Head of any major decisions that need to be made. The Dania School Education Visits and LOTC Risk Assessment Proforma is used to summerise these details for the visit.
Supervision of children on all educational day visits or out of the classroom learning experience is close supervision. Close supervision is defined as the group remaining within sight and contact of staff or voluntary helpers assisting on the visit.
Information to Parents for Day Visits
Parents are notified of the arrangements and cost of visits and sign a consent form.
At Dania School we also recognise the importance of the Equality Act 2010. This replaced and unified all existing equality legislation such as the Race Relations Act, Disability Discrimination Act and Sex Discrimination Act. It aims to ensure that all people (pupils/teachers/parents/family/visitors etc.) have equality of opportunity in accessing and experiencing the life of the school. When carrying out our day to day work, we should have regard to the following:
- eliminating discrimination
- advancing equality of opportunity
- foster good relations across all people, whatever their characteristics may be