Dania School Anti-Bullying Policy
Created: January 2013
Reviewed & approved by Board: 23rd October 2019
Next Review: October 2020
Aims and Objectives
All children at Dania School have the right to feel welcome, secure and happy. Only if this is the case will all members of the school community achieve their maximum potential. Bullying of any sort prevents this from being able to happen and prevents equality of opportunity. Should bullying exist, a child must feel confident enough to approach a member of staff to deal with the situation in question and this policy aims to produce a consistent school response to any bullying incident that may occur. We aim to make all those connected with the school aware of our opposition to bullying and our support of the Department of Education Guidance: Preventing and tackling bullying: Advice for Head Teachers, Staff and Governing Bodies[i] (see Staff Handbook).
Bullying can be described as being ‘a deliberate act done to cause distress solely in order to give a feeling of power, status or other gratification to the bully. It can range from ostracising, name-calling, teasing, isolation, threats and extortion, racial, religious, cultural, sexual, homophobic, disability and cyber bullying through to physical assault on persons and/or their property. It can be an unresolved single frightening incident which casts a shadow over a child’s life, or a series of such incidents.’ Bullying is a serious matter, which can cause psychological damage. Bullying can be deemed as being a criminal offence. At Dania School staff, parents and children work together to create a happy, caring, learning environment. Bullying, either verbal, physical or indirect will not be tolerated. It is everyone’s responsibility to aim to prevent occurrences of bullying and to deal with any incidents quickly and effectively. Research has shown time and time again that the extent of bullying in schools is greatly underestimated.
The Role of Governors
The Governing Board supports the Teachers in all attempts to eliminate bullying from the school. This policy statement makes very clear that the Governing body does not allow bullying to take place in the school and that any incidents of bullying that do occur are taken very seriously and dealt with appropriately. The Governors are told by the Teacher of any incidents of serious bullying that occur and review the effectiveness of the school policy regularly.
The Role of the Head Teacher
It is the responsibility of the Head Teacher to implement the school anti-bullying strategy and ensure all staff (both teaching and non-teaching) are aware of the school policy and know how to deal with incidents of bullying. The Head Teacher ensures that all children understand and know that bullying is wrong, that it is unacceptable behaviour in the school and that children are encouraged to tell someone when they are bullied.
The Head Teacher draws the attention of children to this fact on a regular basis during Assemblies and during informal class discussions and role play with other staff during Reflection Time/circle time and in Personal, Social and Health Education (PSHE) lessons. Experiences are shared and discussed during these times.
The Head Teacher sets the school climate of mutual support and praise for success, and encourages an ethos in which bullying is regarded as unacceptable. Children at Dania School should feel they are important and belong to a friendly and welcoming school, thus bullying is less likely to be part of their behaviour. In addition, and wherever possible, the curriculum is used to reinforce correct social behaviour and to help the children to develop strategies to dissipate any bullying which may arise.
The Role of the Staff
Members of staff are vigilant for signs of bullying and always take reports of incidents seriously. Bullying can be brought to the attention of staff either by the victim(s), their friend(s), their parent(s) or other interested people. The class teacher should always be informed in the first instance. They take all forms of bullying seriously and intervene to prevent incidents from taking place. Records are kept of all major incidents that happen in their class and that they are aware of in the school. A record of serious incidents, including details of the investigation and outcome, will be recorded in the children’s individual files. There is a log book of serious disciplinary incidents. This is regularly analysed for patterns, children, places and groups, as is the accident record data. Regular training takes place to ensure best practice and to make staff aware of best practice in dealing with bullying.
The Role of Parents
Parents who are concerned that their child might be being bullied, or who suspect that their child may be the perpetrator of bullying, should contact their child’s class teacher immediately. Parents also have a responsibility to support the school’s anti bullying policy and to actively encourage their child to be a positive member of the school. In the event that parents feel that a situation has not been resolved satisfactorily, they should refer to the School Complaints Procedure, a copy of which may be found on the website.
Strategy to Identify Incidents of Bullying
In order to identify incidents of bullying and the identity of bullies, at Dania School we carry out the following strategies:
- All staff watch and check for early signs of distress in pupils
- All staff listen, believe, act and are clearly visible at playtimes
- Ensure children are never left unattended except in an emergency or when needing to go
- to the toilet
- Appropriate behaviour should be normal practice
- Regular reminders of playground behaviour are issued
A child may indicate by their behaviour that he or she is being bullied. If a child shows some of the following signs, bullying may be responsible. Children may :
- be frightened of walking to and from school
- change their usual route
- not want to go on the school bus
- beg you to drive them to school
- be unwilling to go to school (or be ‘school phobic’)
- feel ill in the mornings
- begin truanting
- begin doing poorly in their school work
- come home regularly with clothes or books destroyed
- come home starving (bully taking dinner money)
- become withdrawn, start stammering, lack confidence
- become distressed and anxious, stop eating
- attempt or threaten suicide
- cry themselves to sleep, have nightmares
- have their possessions go missing
- ask for money or start stealing (to pay the bully)
- continually ‘lose’ their pocket money
- refuse to talk about what’s wrong
- have unexplained bruises, cuts, scratches
- begin to bully other children, siblings
- become aggressive and unreasonable
- give improbable excuses for any of the above
Addressing Incidents of Bullying
The following is a list of actions available to staff depending on the perceived seriousness of the situation. Staff must try to remain neutral when dealing with a case of bullying and try to deliberately avoid direct questioning which may be interpreted as accusatory or interrogational in style. Each child must be given an opportunity to talk and the discussion should remain focused on finding a solution to the problem and stopping the bullying from recurring. The emphasis is always on a caring, listening approach as bullies are often victims too – that is why they bully.
Communication is the key to addressing bullying.
- Discussions at length with the victim in a private location. This will require patience and understanding. Remember – listen, believe, act
- Identify the bully/bullies. Obtain witnesses if possible. Advise a senior member of staff Discussions with the bully. Ask them to tell the truth about the situation/incident. Make it clear that bullying is not acceptable at Dania School
- If they own up then follow the procedure outlined below and in the Discipline Policy
- If they do not own up, investigate further. If it is clear that they are lying, continue with the procedure. Children usually own up if presented with all the facts
- The bully should be helped to recognise their unsociable behaviour and offered support to modify that behaviour
- Where a child is deliberately aggressive, for example, in the playground, he/she should be removed from the situation so that others can enjoy their break. Then gradually reintroduce the child to the playground, monitoring progress carefully
- Sanctions for the bully may include obtaining an apology, withdrawal from favoured activities, loss of playtimes, suspension from school, depending on the perceived severity of the incident(s)
- If deemed necessary and with the approval of the Head or a senior member of staff, have separate discussions with parents of bully and victim. Inform the parents that an incident has occurred and the action that has taken place and ask that they support the strategies proposed to tackle the problem
- Make a written record of the incident
- Continue monitoring the situation by observing at playtimes/lunchtimes and having discussions with victim to ensure no repetition occurs
- As the behaviour of the bully (hopefully) improves, then favoured activities etc can be reinstated, and the child should be praised for good behaviour. This will rebuild the child’s self-esteem, which may have been damaged after being caught bullying, or could have been low anyway, hence the bullying
- Review and analyse the incident to identify lessons learnt
At Dania School we also recognise the importance of the Equality Act 2010. This replaced and unified all existing equality legislation such as the Race Relations Act, Disability Discrimination Act and Sex Discrimination Act. It aims to ensure that all people (pupils/teachers/parents/family/visitors etc) have equality of opportunity in accessing and experiencing the life of the school. When carrying out our day to day work, we should have regard to the following:
- eliminating discrimination
- advancing equality of opportunity
- foster good relations across all people, whatever their characteristics may be
Written: Mike Papesch: Trustee: Jan 2013 Revised: John Newman January 2018
|This policy was adopted on||Signed on behalf of Dania School||Date for review|
|23/10/19||Christina Bek Larsen||October 2020|